Deskripsi proyek: Tujuan utama program ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kesadaran lansia, pembuat kebijakan, dan masyarakat luas tentang hak-hak dasar lansia sebagaimana dinyatakan dalam Konstitusi dan dinyatakan dalam UU No. 13/1998 tentang Kesejahteraan Sosial Orang Tua serta mendorong pemerintah daerah untuk mengarusutamakan hak-hak lansia dan untuk membuat kebijakan inklusif untuk meningkatkan akses lansia terhadap keadilan dan layanan publik. Rencana tindakan adalah: untuk melatih paralegal dan untuk mendirikan Sekolah Pelopor Keadilan dan Forum Warga untuk memastikan bahwa hak-hak dan perlindungan bagi lansia di tingkat desa dilaksanakan serta untuk memberdayakan mereka.
Pernyataan Masalah: Tujuan utama dari program ini adalah untuk meningkatkan kesadaran lansia, pembuat kebijakan dan masyarakat luas tentang hak-hak dasar lansia sebagaimana tercantum dalam Konstitusi dan dinyatakan dalam UU No. 13/1998 tentang Kesejahteraan Sosial Orang Lanjut Usia serta mendorong pemerintah daerah untuk mengarusutamakan hak-hak lansia dan untuk mengeluarkan kebijakan inklusif untuk meningkatkan akses lansia terhadap keadilan dan layanan publik. Rencana tindakan adalah: untuk melatih paralegal dan untuk mendirikan Sekolah Pelopor Keadilan dan Forum Warga untuk memastikan bahwa hak-hak dan perlindungan bagi lansia di tingkat desa dilaksanakan serta untuk memberdayakan mereka.
Proyek ini akan dilaksanakan dengan menggunakan 3 pendekatan utama:
1. Untuk memberdayakan paralegal LBH APIK Bali,Yogyakarta dan Medan, masyarakat lanjut usia dan masyarakat luas di daerah masing-masing serta pembuat kebijakan di tingkat desa dengan menyediakan pelatihan dan forum pembelajaran (Sekolah Pelopor Keadilan). Peserta sekolah ini terutama adalah perempuan miskin dan anggota komunitas lansia. Para peserta juga akan diperkenalkan kepada lembaga layanan publik serta Ombudsman dan Komisi Informasi. Kedua lembaga tersebut adalah badan pengawas pemerintah terhadap lembaga layanan publik.
2. Untuk meningkatkan pemahaman aktor-aktor kunci dan pembuat kebijakan di tingkat desa tentang kebutuhan dan masalah lansia dan mendorong diberlakukannya kebijakan inklusif perlindungan lansia. Tujuan ini akan dicapai dengan membentuk Forum Warga, mengadakan lokakarya dengan berbagai pemangku kepentingan, termasuk menyusun mekanisme perlindungan bagi orang tua dan melalui lobi dan kerja advokasi. Untuk mendukung kerja advokasi, pemetaan dan penilaian kondisi sosial lansia di desa masing-masing akan dilakukan.
3. Meninjau UU No. 13/1998 tentang Kesejahteraan Sosial Orang Tua dan implementasinya serta mengembangkan ringkasan kebijakan sebagai dasar advokasi di tingkat nasional.
Indonesian lawyer and human rights activist Nursyahbani Katjasungkana has received an honorary doctorate from the SOAS University of London for her role in championing human rights.
SOAS director Valerie Amos personally bestowed the recognition to Nursyahbani, who had “fought for and gained recognition women’s right in Indonesia”.
During her speech, Nursyahbani told the audience attending the university’s graduation ceremony on Wednesday to join the fight against human rights violations.
“Looking back on my 40 years of human rights activities, my advice to you is this: Be changemakers, show imagination, fight against the greatest human rights violations to all […] Don’t accept the world as it is, dream about what the world could be and then help make it happen,” she said.
Nursyahbani served as commissioner of the National Commission on Violence Against Women (Komnas Ham) between 1998 and 2004, and the first secretary-general of the Indonesia Women’s Coalition for Justice and Democracy (KPI), which she also cofounded. She held the position from 1998 to 2003.
She was a member of the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) from 1999 to 2004 and was a House of Representatives (DPR) member from 2004 to 2009.
The SOAS University of London also honored other figures in the fields of law, literature, journalism and finance, including journalist Lindsey Hilsum; scholar, former banker and anticorruption campaigner Muhammad Sanusi II; and editor, broadcaster and critic, Margaret Busby. (dmr)
Madam President, ladies and gentlemen and colleagues, it is an honour to present to you Nursyahbani Katjasungkana.
Nursyahbani is a prominent Indonesian feminist human rights lawyer and activist.
Born in Jakarta, Nursyahbani graduated in 1978 with a bachelor degree in Law from Universitas Airlangga. Her initial specialisation was Criminal Law. She also holds a postgraduate diploma in International Comparative Sexual Orientation Law from Leiden University.
She has authored and co-authored books and articles on sexual violence against women, family law, gender and the state, Asian feminisms, and religious fundamentalism amongst other topics.
Her published writings mirror her activism in the area of Domestic Violence, Women’s and LGBTIQ rights, nationality, and other laws in Indonesia. She founded APIK (Asosiasi Perempuan Indonesia Untuk Keadilan/the Women’s Association for Justice) and established LBH (Lembaga Bantuan Hukum/Legal Aid Board and an arm of APIK) in 16 provinces throughout Indonesia. She was also the founder and Executive Director of Solidaritas Perempuan (or Women’s Solidarity) between 1993-1995. In addition, in the years 1998 to 2003, she was founder and the first Secretary General of the Indonesian Women’s Coalition for Justice and Democracy, a well known women’s mass organisation working on the subject of women and politics . These organisations are critical to the effort to advance the rights of women.
In 2015, Nur became a member of the Board of Trustees of the Ardhanary Institute, an organisation whose vision is equality and justice for LGBT Indonesians and which works chiefly through public education and policy reform.
Last year, Nursyahbani was amongst 5 leading persons to be appointed to the Anti-Corruption Committee, a new committee of Jakarta’s Gubernatorial team for Expediting Development.
Long before that, in 1999, Nur was selected as a Member of the People’s Consultative Assembly and from 2004 till 2009 she was a Member of Parliament.
Amongst her contributions to public consciousness regarding human rights violations is her continuing work in search of recognition and justice for those who suffered in the atrocities committed during the period from 1965-1967, a period that the Indonesian state has yet to acknowledge. Not surprisingly it remains little known amongst the younger generation of Indonesians. Mass killings, of an estimated at 4-500,000 people, were perpetrated by the state to annihilate the Indonesian Communist Party and other activists. Nursyahbani led and coordinated the efforts to initiate IPT 65 (International People’s Tribunal on the 1965 Crimes Against Humanity in Indonesia), convened in The Hague in 2015. The Tribunal was to find that crimes against humanity were committed by the Indonesian state, and that the USA, the United Kingdom and Australia were complicit. This genocide, to quote the tribunal, “must be included among the major genocides of the 20th century.”
Nur continues to work tirelessly, including conducting human rights training in West Papua, an area that has seen unspeakable inter-ethnic violence and human rights abuses.
It is clear that Nur has devoted her adult life to the cause of human rights. To the many first and subsequent generations of Human Rights Law university lecturers in Indonesia – amongst them the current leaders of SEPAHAM (Indonesian union of Human Rights Law Lecturers), Nursyahbani is ‘Ibu Nur’, held in their affection and esteem in equal measure.
Her academic writing, advocacy and activism is an inspiration to all of us in the SOAS family. We honour her many achievements, but one thread that runs through her work and life that especially draws Nur and SOAS together is that in Nur, the privilege of knowledge is combined with practice and the courage to make a difference.
Madam President, it is my privilege now to present Nursyahbani Katjasungkana for the award of Honorary Doctor of Laws (LLD) of the School, and to invite her to address this assembly.
SOAS University of London is a specialist institution offering courses on the social sciences, humanities and languages. Its School of Law specialises in Human Rights Law, International Law, Islamic Law and Environmental Law.
Honourable Madam President Graca Machel, Director of SOAS Baroness Valerie Amos, Dean of Law Faculty, Prof. Carol Tan, members of faculty, friends, and all the students who graduate today, to whom I offer my congratulations.
First of all, I convey my gratitude to the President and Director of SOAS for conferring on me such a high award. My gratitude also goes to Prof Tan for her most generous oration.
I dedicate this award to my beloved father R.Katjasungkana who taught me about the courage to take risks in fighting for freedom, democracy and combatting poverty. I pay my deepest tribute to my beloved mother Maimoenah, who taught me about honesty and solidarity as a way of life. Thanks also to my children who always support me.
I would like to convey special thanks to Prof.Saskia Wieringa, all my friends in the Indonesian Association of Legal Aid for Women and the Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation, my second campus where I learnt law in practice. I also thank my friends who strengthen my faith in feminism, three of them have come here today.
My key political inspiration is RA Kartini, an Indonesian national heroine, who fought against feudalism and patriarchy. My other inspiration came from Patria, my class mate in primary school who was forced to marry when she was 14 years old. On the third day of her marriage she sent her husband home. The fear of losing her as my friend, strengthened my decision to become a lawyer.
I have dealt with many controversial past human rights violations such as the crimes against humanity and the genocide of 1965/6 in Indonesia, the third horrible holocaust as well as the ongoing genocide against Rohingya.
Looking back on my 40 years of human rights activities, my advice to you, fellow graduates, is this: be changemakers, show imagination, take risks. Fight against the greatest human rights violation of all: neo-liberalism, which has created a world divided into rich and poor and is responsible for global warming and corruption.
Don’t accept the world as it is. Dream about what the world could be – then help make it happen.
Thank you for your kind attention.
SOAS University of London is honouring pioneering figures in the fields of law, literature, journalism, and finance at this year’s Graduation Ceremonies.
The awardees are:
- award-winning journalist Lindsey Hilsum
- scholar, former banker and anti-corruption campaigner, His Highness Muhammad Sanusi II, CON (Sarkin Kano)
- editor, broadcaster and critic, Margaret Busby
- human rights lawyer Nursyahbani Katjasungkana.
Baroness Valerie Amos, Director of SOAS, said: “Our honorary awardees this year are all remarkable people who have been pioneers and innovators and sought to bring about change in the world. Their work has furthered the public’s understanding of conflict and humanitarian affairs; demonstrated how to tackle high level corruption in often complex situations; paved the way for greater diversity in publishing; and fought for and gained recognition for women’s rights in Indonesia. Their achievements reflect the values which are important to us at SOAS and I am delighted to welcome them to our community.”
The award winning Journalist Lindsey Hilsum is the International Editor for Channel 4 News and the author of two books: In Extremis; the Life of War Correspondent Marie Colvin and Sandstorm; Libya in the Time of Revolution. For three decades she has specialised in covering conflict and refugee movements, reporting from every continent bar Antarctica. This year she has reported on the political and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela, the demise of the Islamic State’s caliphate in Syria and human rights abuses in Zimbabwe. Lindsey is the founder of the Marie Colvin Journalists Network, which supports female journalists in the Arab world, and has been a mentor for young journalists through the John Schofield Trust. Ms Hilsum will receive an Honorary Fellowship.
His Highness Muhammad Sanusi II became the 14th Fulani Emir of Kano, Nigeria in June 2014. His Highness was appointed Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria in 2009. He led a campaign against high level corruption in government in Nigeria and pioneered the introduction of Islamic banking into the Nigerian banking sector. Alongside his anti-corruption work in the financial industry, His Highness pursued his scholarship in Islamic history, thought, and law. He continues to bring his wealth of expertise to resolving significant development challenges including public health, girl-child education and reforms of Muslim family law as well as the systems of zakat and auqaf (endowments). His Highness has received many awards including the Global Central Bank Governor of the Year 2011 from the Financial Times and the Nigerian National honour of ‘Commander of the Order of the Niger’ (CON). His Highness Muhammad Sanusi II will receive an Honorary Doctorate.
Renowned editor, broadcaster and critic Margaret Busby OBE became Britain’s youngest and first black woman book publisher when in 1967 she co-founded Allison & Busby. She was editorial director for 20 years. She has campaigned for recognition of the need for and importance of diversity in publishing since the 1980s. In 1992 she compiled and edited the groundbreaking Daughters of Africa (1992), an international anthology of writing by women of African descent, and its 2019 follow-up, New Daughters of Africa (Myriad) which includes contributions from the internationally acclaimed authors Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie and Zadie Smith. Ms Busby published award-winning authors Buchi Emecheta, Nuruddin Farah, Hunter S. Thompson, Rosa Guy, and Andrew Salkey. Ms Busby will receive an Honorary Doctorate.
Prominent Indonesian lawyer Nursyahbani Katjasungkana has worked tirelessly for human rights throughout her career. She was the country prosecutor of the Women’s International War Crimes Tribunal on Japan’s Military Sexual Slavery (2000), General Coordinator of The International People’s Tribunal on 1965 Crimes against Humanity in Indonesia (2015) and recently she was a judge at the Permanent People’s Tribunal of Rohingnya (2017). She was a member of The People’s Consultative Assembly of the Republic of Indonesia (1999-2004) and elected as a Member of Parliament (2004-2009). Ms Katjasungkana was Commissioner of the National Commission on Violence Against Women (1998-2004) and co-founder and the first Secretary General of the Indonesia Women’s Coalition for Justice and Democracy (1998-2003) and member of the World Bank Advisory Council on Gender and Development (2013-2015). Ms Katjasungkana will receive an Honorary Doctorate.
Asosiasi LBH APIK Indonesia mengucapkan Selamat Idul Fitri 1439 H.
Mohon maaf lahir dan bathin.
Paralegal adalah seseorang yang mempunyai keterampilan hukum namun ia bukan seorang Pengacara (yang profesional) dan bekerja di bawah bimbingan seorang Pengacara atau yang dinilai mempunyai kemampuan hukum untuk menggunakan keterampilannya.
Isitilah “Paralegal”, pertama kali tercantum dalam peraturan perundang-undangan yaitu dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 16 Tahun 2011 tentang Bantuan Hukum. Dalam Pasal 9 Undang-Undang Bantuan Hukum antara lain disebutkan bahwa “Pemberi Bantuan Hukum berhak melakukan rekrutmen terhadap pengacara, paralegal, dosen, dan mahasiswa fakultas hukum”. Sementara itu dalam pasal 10 antara lain disebutkan bahwa “Pemberi Bantuan Hukum berkewajiban untuk menyelenggarakan pendidikan dan pelatihan Bantuan Hukum bagi advokat, paralegal, dosen, mahasiswa fakultas hukum.
Meski baru mendapatkan legitimasi formil dengan istilah “Paralegal” setelah disahkannya Undang-Undang Bantuan Hukum, namun didalam sejumlah peraturan perundang-undangan sebelumnya sesungguhnya sudah banyak memberikan legitimasi bagi posisi paralegal, meskipun dengan penyebutan yang berbeda-beda. Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2004 tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan dalam Rumah tangga menggunakan istilah “relawan pendamping” untuk menyebut istilah “paralegal”. Sementara itu Undang-Undang No. 3 Tahun 1997 tentang Peradilan Anak menggunakan istilah “pekerja sosial”.
Istilah paralegal dikenak di Indonesia pada sekitar tahun 1975. Sebelumnya, pada jaman pendudukan Belanda, Paralegal lebih dikenal dengan sebutan pokrol (gemachtegde).
Paralegal awalnya muncul sebagai reaksi atas ketidakberdayaan hukum dan dunia profesi hukum dalam memahami dan menangkap serta memenuhi asumsi-asumsi sosial yang diperlukan guna mewujudkan hak-hak masyarakat miskin yangs ecara jelas diakui oleh hukum. Pelaksanaan hak-hak tersebut seringkali hanya bisa dilaksanakan jika asumsi-asumsi sosial tersebut dipenuhi:
- Masyarakat mengerti dan memahami hak-hak tersebut
- Masyarakat mempunyai kewajiban kekuatan dan kecakapan untuk memperjuangkan dalam mewujudkan hak-hak tersebut.
Paralegal ada dan berkembang untuk pemenuhan asumsi-asumsi sosial tersebut.
Sepanjang perkembangannya, pada akhirnya Paralegal diakui legitimasinya di dalam system perundangan di Indonesia, beserta dengan peran dan fungsinya yang terus berkembang sesuai dengan kebutuhan di masyarakat. Seperti dijabarkan pada point di atas.